Bacteria 3 Test Kit
More bacteria including some that are important in the human biome and others that are drug-resistant.
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Full Test Kit Information (A4 size paper)
This is information on all our test kits. 200 + pages as a PDF document.
Full Test Kit Information (North America paper size)
This is information on all our test kits. 200+ pages as a PDF document.
Detailed information on this kit.
More bacteria including some that are important in the human biome and others that are drug-resistant.
These are not for medical use or use by the general public.
Code Name Comment BCT 94 Acinetobacter Baumannii Opportunistic pathogen, affecting people with compromised immune systems, but it is becoming increasingly important as a hospital-derived (nosocomial) infection. Referred to as 'Iraqibacter' due to its seemingly sudden emergence in military treatment facilities during the Iraq War; has continued to be an issue for veterans and soldiers who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. BCT 95 Acinetobacter Baumannii, Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR-AB) A multi-drug resistant strain (MDR-AB) A. baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen, affecting people with compromised immune systems, and is becoming increasingly important as a hospital-derived (nosocomial) infection. BCT 96 Actinomyces Israelii Found in the vagina, colon, and mouth. Infection is established first by a breach of the mucosal barrier during various procedures (dental, gastrointestinal), aspiration, or pathologies such as diverticulitis; causes actinomycosis (formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs, or gastrointestinal tract). BCT 97 Actinomyces Odontolyticus Part of the oral flora; also found in dental plaque and in deep dental caries. Causes actinomycosis - a granulomatous infection with the formation of abscesses in the mouth, lungs, or the gastrointestinal tract. Oral actinomycosis may occur due to trauma such as a tooth extraction or bleeding gums. BCT 98 Aeromonas Hydrophila Mainly found in areas with a warm climate. Can cause gastroenteritis, mostly in young children and people who have compromised immune systems or growth problems; also associated with cellulitis. Can cause myonecrosis and eczema in people with compromised or suppressed immune systems, or in rare cases necrotising fasciitis. BCT 99 Bacteroides Thetaiotaomicron The most common bacterium found in the human colon / intestinal tract; considered an opportunistic pathogen, frequently associated with peritonitis, septicemia, and wound infections; capable of causing very serious infections, such as intra-abdominal sepsis and bacteraemia. BCT 100 Bifidobacterium Animalis Found in the large intestines and important for healthy digestion; used in some probiotic foods, e.g. yoghourt. BCT 101 Bifidobacterium Sp. Present in the gastrointestinal tract, mouth and vagina; responsible for suppressing pathogenic microorganisms and are rarely pathogenic themselves. Used as probiotics. BCT 102 Bordetella Holmesii Associated with septicaemia, endocarditis, and respiratory illness, especially in immunocompromised patients, such as asplenic or AIDS patients; often seen in conjunction with whooping cough; can cause septic arthritis. BCT 103 Burkholderia Pseudomallei / Pseudomonas Pseudomallei infects humans and animals and causes the disease melioidosis (pain in chest, bones, or joints; cough; skin infections, lung nodules and pneumonia), particularly in Thailand and northern Australia. BCT 104 Campylobacter Jejuni Commonly found in animal faeces, so infection through contaminated water and food; the most common causes of bacterial infections in humans worldwide, causing gastroenteritis and food poisoning; has been linked with subsequent development of Guillain–Barré syndrome, which usually develops two to three weeks after the initial illness. BCT 105 Campylobacter Rectus Involved with periodontal disease and can cause abscesses in the mouth. BCT 106 Capnocytophaga Canimorsus Transmission may occur through bites, licks, or even close proximity with animals. Can cause severe illness in persons with pre-existing conditions. Symptoms include mild flu-like symptoms, fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, malaise, abdominal pain, myalgia, confusion, dyspnoea, headaches, and skin rashes such as exanthema. More severe cases of endocarditis, disseminated intravascular coagulation and meningitis have been reported. BCT 107 Capnocytophaga Ochracea Found in the oral cavity; contributes to early plaque formation on teeth by being a physical intermediate link between several Streptococcus species and F. nucleatum; also found in some animal bite wounds. BCT 108 Capnocytophaga Sputigena Found in the oral cavity; also found in some animal bite wounds.an opportunistic pathogen in humans, especially in immunocompromised patients. BCT 109 Cardiobacterium Hominis Normally present in the mouth and upper part of the respiratory tract such as nose and throat; very rarely causes endocarditis, an infection of the heart valves. BCT 110 Citrobacter Freundii As an opportunistic pathogen, responsible for a number of significant infections; known to be the cause of nosocomial infections of the respiratory tract, urinary tract and blood. C. Represents about 29% of all opportunistic infections. BCT 111 Clostridium Cadaveris Usually considered non-pathogenic; unlike other species of Clostridium, it does not produce toxins. Normal component of the human intestinal tract. BCT 112 Clostridium Sporogenes Present in the human gastrointestinal tract in some people; in the intestine, it uses tryptophan to synthesize indole and subsequently 3-indolepropionic acid (IPA), which serves as a potent antioxidant within the human body and brain. BCT 113 Clostridium Tertium Traditionally been considered non-pathogenic, but increasingly being reported as a human pathogen. Has been associated with bacteraemia, meningitis, septic arthritis, enterocolitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, post-traumatic brain abscess, and pneumonia. BCT 114 Cronobacter Sakazakii / Enterobacter Sakazakii In infants can cause bacteraemia, meningitis and necrotising enterocolitis; can cause wound infections or urinary tract infections; people with immunocompromising conditions and the elderly may also develop bloodstream infection. Has been found in a variety of dry foods, including powdered infant formula, skimmed milk powder, herbal teas, and starches; also been found in wastewater. Cronobacter illnesses are rare, but they are frequently lethal for infants and can be serious among people with immunocompromising conditions and the elderly. BCT 115 Eikenella Corrodens / Bacteroides Corrodens Found in the oral cavity (dental plaque) and the intestinal and genital tracts. BCT 116 Enterobacter Cloacae Part of the normal gut flora of many humans; not usually a primary pathogen, but is sometimes associated with urinary tract and respiratory tract infections. BCT 117 Enterococcus Faecium - Vancomycin Resistant (VRE) Found in the human intestine, but can be pathogenic, causing diseases such as neonatal meningitis or endocarditis. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci is resistant to the antibiotic vancomycin; sometimes called a "superbug". BCT 118 Escherichia Coli - Carbapenem Resistant (CRE) E coli strain resistant to carbapenem antibiotics; found in hospitals, nursing homes, and other healthcare settings. BCT 119 Escherichia Hermannii Generally considered non-pathogenic but has been isolated from human wounds, eye infections, periodontal lesions, and blood. BCT 120 Eubacterium Yurii Possibly involved in periodontal disease. BCT 121 Francisella Tularensis Can cause Rat bite fever and Haverhill fever; classified as a potentially bioterrorism agent by the US government. Humans can become infected through tick and deer fly bites, skin contact with infected animals, exposure to contaminated water, inhalation of contaminated aerosols or agricultural dusts. BCT 122 Haemophilus Ducreyi Causes the sexually transmitted disease chancroid, a major cause of genital ulceration in developing countries characterized by painful sores on the genitalia. BCT 123 Klebsiella Granulomatis / Calymmatobacterium Granulomatis Causes the sexually transmitted disease granuloma inguinale (or donovanosis). BCT 124 Kocuria Rosea Implicated in occasional urinary tract infections in immunocompromised patients; peritonitis. BCT 125 Lactobacillus Acidophilus Occurs naturally in the intestine, mouth, and vagina; helps protect the vagina from pathogenic infection. Also produces enzyme lactase that breaks down milk sugar (lactose) into simple sugars. People who are lactose intolerant do not produce this enzyme. The most commonly used probiotic. BCT 126 Lactobacillus Bulgaricus Occurs naturally in the human gastrointestinal tract; helpful to people suffering from lactose intolerance. Used as a probiotic supplement. BCT 127 Lactobacillus Plantarum Part of the normal flora -mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract; has significant antioxidant activities and also helps to maintain the intestinal permeability; also able to suppress the growth of gas producing bacterium in the intestines; may cause endocarditis, neonatal meningitis and bacteraemia. Used as a probiotic. BCT 128 Lactobacillus Salivarius Lives in the gastrointestinal tract; helps to suppress pathogenic bacteria. Used as a probiotic supplement. BCT 129 Methanobrevibacter Smithii Note: this is no longer classified as a bacteria but as an archaeon; the predominant archaeon in the human gut, playing an important role in the efficient digestion of polysaccharides (complex sugars) by consuming the end products of bacterial fermentation. BCT 130 Moraxella Osloensis Part of the human flora, especially the upper respiratory tract and occasionally of the skin and urogenital tract; has been implicated in conjunctivitis, wound sepsis, vaginal discharges, meningitis, brain abscess, septicaemia, endocarditis, arthritis osteomyelitis and urethritis. BCT 131 Mycobacterium Avium Complex /MAC Commensal organisms in humans, living predominantly in the mouth, skin, gastrointestinal, vagina and urinary tracts, and compose a portion of the bacterial gut flora. Can become pathogenic and cause respiratory problems. BCT 132 Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Drug Resistant (MDR-TB And XDR-TB) Drug- resistant strains of M tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB: Multidrug Resistant TB bacteria (MDR-TB) and Extensively Drug Resistant TB bacteria (XDR-TB). BCT 133 Neisseria Mucosa Part of the normal human nasopharyngeal flora and infrequently causes infections, including meningitis. BCT 134 Neisseria Subflava Found in the human upper respiratory tract; generally non-pathogenic, but can in rare cases cause post-operative meningitis. BCT 135 Peptosstreptococcus Lives predominantly in the mouth, skin, gastrointestinal, vagina and urinary tracts, and compose a portion of the bacterial gut flora. Can cause brain, liver, breast, and lung abscesses, as well as generalized necrotizing soft tissue infections. BCT 136 Plesiomonas Shigelloides Can cause diarrhoea/gastroenteritis. BCT 137 Prevotella Copri Helps in the digestion of food as well as helping to keep harmful bacteria at bay; a correlation with the development of rheumatoid arthritis. BCT 138 Prevotella Melaninogenica Part of the oral and vaginal flora, particularly in those who eat a lot of carbohydrates and fibre; may cause pneumonia, lung abscesses, and chronic otitis media and sinusitis. BCT 139 Shigella Flexneri Causes diarrhoea. BCT 140 Shigella Sonnei Causes diarrhoea. BCT 141 Staphylococcus Haemolyticus, Vancomycin Resistant / VRSH Strain that resists the antibiotic vancomycin. S haemolyticus is part of the skin flora; infection often associated with the insertion of medical devices, e.g. catheters; has tendency to form biofilms. BCT 142 Staphylococcus Warneri Part of the skin flora; rarely causes disease, but may occasionally cause infection in patients whose immune system is compromised. BCT 143 Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia, Multiple Drug Resistant A multiple drug resistant strain (MDR). Infection often associated with the insertion of medical devices, e.g. catheters; a relatively unusual cause of pneumonia, urinary tract infection, or bloodstream infection; an increasing problem for people with cystic fibrosis. BCT 144 Streptobacillus Moniliformis Causes rat bite fever and Haverhill fever. BCT 145 Streptococcus Pneumoniae, PRSP And DRSP Penicillin-resistant (PRSP) and drug-resistant strain (DRSP). S pneumoniae found in the nasopharynx of healthy carriers, who do not experience any symptoms; causes bronchitis, pneumonia, rhinitis, acute sinusitis, otitis media, conjunctivitis, meningitis, bacteraemia, sepsis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, endocarditis, peritonitis, pericarditis, cellulitis, and brain abscesses. BCT 146 Streptococcus Sanguinis / Streptococcus Sanguis a normal inhabitant of the healthy mouth where it is particularly found in dental plaque, where it modifies the environment to make it less hospitable for other strains of Streptococcus that cause cavities, such as Streptococcus mutans. The most common cause of subacute bacterial endocarditis. BCT 147 Treponema Denticola Part of the microbial community within the mouth; associated with periodontal disease. Has also been isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis. BCT 148 Veillonella Part of the microbuial community within mouth and intestine. Very occasionally implicated in cases of osteomyelitis and endocarditis. BCT 149 Yersinia Enterocolitica Causes the disease yersiniosis; cquired usually by insufficiently cooked pork or contaminated water, meat, or milk; symptoms may include watery or bloody diarrhea and fever, resembling appendicitis or salmonellosis or shigellosis.