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PH6B More Brain Test Kit

More healthy brain parts including amygdala, hypothalamus, prefrontal cortex and the primary motor cortex.

50 vials.

PH6B More Brain Test Kit

Ref: 8103

£57.75

 

All prices exclusive of VAT

brain

  • Detailed Description

    More healthy brain parts including amygdala, hypothalamus, prefrontal cortex and the primary motor cortex. 50 vials.

     

    PH 6B 26    Amygdala    
    Groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain; considered part of the limbic system; performs a primary role in the processing of memory, decision-making and emotional reactions; controls the way we react to certain stimuli, or an event that causes an emotion, that we see as potentially threatening or dangerous.

    PH 6B 27    Auditory Association Area    
    An area in the temporal lobe of the brain within Wernicke’s area near the lateral cerebral sulcus, which is critical for processing acoustic signals so they can be interpreted as speech, music or other sounds.

    PH 6B 28    Auditory Cortex    
    Located bilaterally, roughly at the upper sides of the temporal lobes.The part of the cerebral cortex that processes auditory information, performing basic and higher functions in hearing.

    PH 6B 29    Basal Ganglia / Basal Nuclei    
    Comprise multiple subcortical nuclei at the base of the forebrain. Strongly interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, as well as several other brain areas. Associated with a variety of functions including: control of voluntary motor movements, procedural learning, routine behaviours or habits such as bruxism (teeth grinding), eye movements, cognition and emotion.

    PH 6B 30    Brain Stem    
    The posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord; provides the main motor and sensory innervation to the face and neck via the cranial nerves; the nerve connections of the motor and sensory systems from the main part of the brain to the rest of the body pass through the brainstem.  Also plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac and respiratory function, and also regulates the central nervous system, and is pivotal in maintaining consciousness and regulating the sleep cycle.

    PH 6B 31    Brain Stem Reticular Formation    
    Essential for governing some of the basic functions; involved in multiple tasks such as regulating the sleep-wake cycle and filtering incoming stimuli to discriminate irrelevant background stimuli.

    PH 6B 32    Caudate Nucleus    
    One of three basic structures that make up the basal ganglia; responsible largely for voluntary movement.

    PH 6B 33    Cerebellar Nuclei     
    Clusters of grey matter lying within the white matter at the core of the cerebellum. Give rise to nerve fibres that carry impulses from cerebellum to other parts of brain and to the spinal column.
     
    PH 6B 34    Cerebral Cortex    
    Grey matter that is outermost to the cerebrum; plays a key role in memory, attention, perceptual awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.

    PH 6B 35    Cerebral Hemisphere, Left    
    Concerned with spoken and written language, numerical and scientific skills, ability to use and understand language, reasoning.

    PH 6B 36    Cerebral Hemisphere, Right    
    Concerned with musical and artistic awareness, space and pattern perception, recognition of faces and emotional content of facial expressions, generating emotional content of language, generating mental images to compare spatial relationships.

    PH 6B 37    Cerebrospinal Fluid    
    A clear colourless bodily fluid found in the brain and spine; produced in the choroid plexus of the brain; acts as a cushion for the brain's cortex, providing basic mechanical and immunological protection to the brain inside the skull, and it serves a vital function in cerebral auto-regulation of cerebral blood flow.

    PH 6B 38    Cingulate Gyrus    
    Receives inputs from the thalamus and the neocortex, and projects to the entorhinal cortex via the cingulum; forms part of the limbic system, which is associated with mood and emotions; helps people to be flexible in learning and processing new situations; highly important in disorders such as depression and schizophrenia.

    PH 6B 39    Claustrum    
    A thin, irregular, sheet of neurons which is attached to the underside of the neocortex in the centre of the brain; full range of functions  unclear but plays a strong role in communication between the two hemispheres of the brain, specifically between cortical regions controlling attention.

    PH 6B 40    Cochlear Nuclei    
    Collections of neurons in the brainstem that receive input from the cochlear nerve, that carries sound information from the cochleae. The outputs from the cochlear nuclei are received in higher regions of the auditory brainstem.

    PH 6B 41    Corpus Callosum    
    A wide, flat bundle of neural fibres that connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres and facilitates inter-hemispheric communication.

    PH 6B 42    Dura Mater    
    A thick membrane that is the outermost of the three layers of the meninges that surround the brain and spinal cord; it is responsible for keeping in the cerebrospinal fluid.

    PH 6B 43    Epithalamus    
    A segment of the diencephalon; includes the habenula, the habenular commissure, the stria medullaris and the pineal body. Its function is the connection between the limbic system to other parts of the brain.

    PH 6B 44    Forebrain / Prosencephalon    
    Contains the thalamus, hypothalamus and the cerebrum; functions including receiving and processing sensory information, thinking, perceiving, producing and understanding language, and controlling motor functions.

    PH 6B 45    Frontal Lobe, Left    
    Considered our emotional control centre and home to our personality; involved in motor function, problem solving, spontaneity, memory, language, initiation, judgement, impulse control, and social and sexual behaviour; involved in controlling language related movement.

    PH 6B 46    Frontal Lobe, Right     
    Considered our emotional control centre and home to our personality; involved in motor function, problem solving, spontaneity, memory, language, initiation, judgement, impulse control, and social and sexual behaviour; plays a role in non-verbal abilities.

    PH 6B 47    Globus Pallidus / Paleostriatum    
    Part of the basal ganglia; involved in the regulation of voluntary movement;  if the globus pallidus is damaged, it can cause movement disorders.

    PH 6B 48    Hindbrain / Rhombencephalon    
    Includes the cerebellum, the pons and the medulla oblongata, which function collectively to support vital bodily processes.

    PH 6B 49    Hypothalamus    
    Located below the thalamus, just above the brainstem; responsible for certain metabolic processes and other activities of the autonomic nervous system; synthesises and secretes certain neurohormones, and these in turn stimulate or inhibit the secretion of pituitary hormones; controls body temperature, hunger, important aspects of parenting and attachment behaviours, thirst, fatigue, sleep, and circadian rhythms.

    PH 6B 50    Inferior Colliculus    
    The principal midbrain nucleus of the auditory pathway; receives input from several peripheral brainstem nuclei in the auditory pathway, as well as inputs from the auditory cortex.

    PH 6B 51    Inferior Olivary Nucleus    
    The largest nucleus in the olivary body, part of the medulla oblongata; closely associated with the cerebellum, so is involved in control and coordination of movements, sensory processing and cognitive tasks.

    PH 6B 52    Insula / Insular Cortex / Insulary Cortex / Insular Lobe    
    A portion of the cerebral cortex folded deep within the lateral sulcus, the fissure separating the temporal and the frontal lobes; believed to be involved in consciousness and play a role in diverse functions usually linked to emotion or the regulation of the body's homeostasis.

    PH 6B 53    Internal Capsule    
    Contains all of the pathways that allow information to be transferred between the cerebral cortex and the spinal cord, brainstem, and subcortical structures (ie: thalamus, basal ganglia).

    PH 6B 54    Midbrain / Mesencephalon    
    A portion of the central nervous system associated with vision, hearing, motor control, sleep/wake, arousal (alertness), and temperature regulation.

    PH 6B 55    Motor Cortex    
    Comprises the primary motor cortex, premotor cortex, and supplementary motor area. the region of the cerebral cortex involved in the planning, control, and execution of voluntary movements.

    PH 6B 56    Occipital Lobe, Left    
    Is the visual processing centre of the brain containing most of the anatomical region of the visual cortex; receives visual input from the retina.
     
    PH 6B 57    Occipital Lobe, Right    
    Is the visual processing centre of the brain containing most of the anatomical region of the visual cortex; receives visual input from the retina.

    PH 6B 58    Parietal Lobe, Left    
    Part of the cerebral cortex; has to be able to process sensory information within seconds. The parietal lobe is where information such as taste, temperature, pain and touch are integrated, or processed. Several portions of the parietal lobe are important in language processing.

    PH 6B 59    Parietal Lobe, Right    
    Part of the cerebral cortex; has to be able to process sensory information within seconds. The parietal lobe is where information such as taste, temperature, pain and touch are integrated, or processed. Several portions of the parietal lobe are important in language processing.

    PH 6B 60    Pons    
    Area of the hindbrain that sits directly above the medulla; serves as a message station between several areas of the brain; helps relay messages from the cortex and the cerebellum. Without the pons, the brain would not be able to function because messages would not be able to be transmitted, or passed along; also plays a key role in sleep and dreaming.

    PH 6B 61    Precentral Gyrus    
    Part of the primary motor cortex; the location of the primary somatosensory cortex, the main sensory receptive area for the sense of touch.

    PH 6B 62    Prefrontal Cortex / PFC    
    The anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain; has been implicated in planning complex cognitive behaviour, personality expression, decision making and moderating social behaviour; the basic activity of this brain region is considered to be orchestration of thoughts and actions in accordance with internal goals.

    PH 6B 63    Premotor Cortex    
    Functions of the premotor cortex are diverse and not fully understood; projects directly to the spinal cord and therefore may play a role in the direct control of behavior, with a relative emphasis on the trunk muscles of the body. May also play a role in planning movement, in the spatial guidance of movement, in the sensory guidance of movement, in understanding the actions of others, and in using abstract rules to perform specific tasks.
     
    PH 6B 64    Primary Motor Cortex / Brodmann’S Area 4    
    Located in the posterior portion of the frontal lobe; works in association with other motor areas to plan and execute movements.

    PH 6B 65    Purkinje Neurons In Cerebellum    
    Some of the largest neurons in the human brain; send inhibitory projections to the deep cerebellar nuclei, and constitute the sole output of all motor coordination in the cerebellar cortex.

    PH 6B 66    Putamen    
    Located at the base of the forebrain; main function is to regulate movements and influence various types of learning.Employs GABA, acetylcholine, and enkephalin to perform its functions. Involved in degenerative neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's disease.

    PH 6B 67    Red Nucleus / Nucleus Ruber    
    Located in the  midbrain and involved in motor coordination; controls crawling of babies, arm swinging in normal walking; may play an additional role in controlling muscles of the shoulder and upper arm; also has limited control over hands.

    PH 6B 68    Somatosensory Cortex     
    The main sensory receptive area for the sense of touch, including specific sensitivity to pain and temperature, and the proprioception system, which monitors the body's place in space.

    PH 6B 69    Stellate Cells/ Stellate Neurons from the V1 Region In The Visual Cortex    
    Receive excitatory synaptic fibres from the thalamus and process feed forward excitation to the visual cortex pyramidal cells.

    PH 6B 70    Substantia Nigra    
    Located in the mesencephalon/midbrain that plays an important role in reward, addiction, and movement. Parkinson's disease is characterized by the death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta.

    PH 6B 71    Subthalamic Nucleus / STN    
    Part of the basal ganglia system; exact function unknown, but considered to be one of the main regulators of motor function related to the basal ganglia.  STN dysfunction has been shown to increase impulsivity in individuals presented with two equally rewarding stimuli.

    PH 6B 72    Superior Colliculus    
    On the dorsal aspect of the midbrain;  plays a role in helping orient the head and eyes to all types of sensory stimuli.

    PH 6B 73    Temporal Lobe, Left    
    The temporal lobes are involved in the retention of visual memories, processing sensory input, comprehending language, storing new memories, emotion, and deriving meaning.

    PH 6B 74    Temporal Lobe, Right    
    The temporal lobes are involved in the retention of visual memories, processing sensory input, comprehending language, storing new memories, emotion, and deriving meaning.

    PH 6B 75    Visual Cortex    
    Located in the occipital lobe; part of the cerebral cortex responsible for processing visual information.

  • Comments

    The places of origin of cranial nerves are referred to as their nuclei (singular – nucleus), a group of specialised nerve cells which are all located in the same small place in the brain and perform similar functions related to a single specialized general function.

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